A comprehensive course giving all the necessary information to understand and apply geodetic principles to surveying in general and hydrographic surveying in particular. Topics include horizontal datums, the geoid, datum transformation, map projections in general, UTM and vessel reference systems. The course teaches both a general understanding as well as the main formula's and their application to geodetic software.

This course has been replaced by the following modules:

- Landsurvey

- Coordinate Reference Systems

- optional: Positioning for some more advanced subjects